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English Vocabulary - Vocabulario de inglés
PHRASAL VERBS WITH "BREAK"
¿Qué es un phrasal verb?
Un "phrasal verb" es un verbo seguido de una preposición o un adverbio. Su significado es diferente al significado normal de dicho verbo. Por ejemplo, "to give up" significa "abandonar, rendirse". El verbo "to give" usado solo significa "dar".

Si el "phrasal verb" va seguido de un objeto, es transitivo, como "to give up something" (dejar de hacer algo). Si no va seguido de un objeto, es intransitivo, como "to break down" (dejar de funcionar).

La dificultad para los estudiantes de inglés radica en que no pueden traducirse literalmente y deben aprenderse de memoria.

Lee las explicaciones y luego realiza el ejercicio.

  • break away from somebody = leave somebody who is holding you.
    She broke away from her father and now lives by herself.
  • break down = stop working.
    Oh, no! The computer broke down again!
  • break down = be unable to stop yourself crying.
    She broke down and started crying.
  • break something down = break down something = remove something.
    Police had to break down the door to enter the building.
  • break something down = break down something = separate something into smaller parts so that it is easier to do.
    The teacher broke down the lesson to help us understand it.
  • break in = break into = enter a building by using force, to steal something.
    The thief broke in and stole the new TV.
  • break off = suddenly stop talking.
    He started to speak but then broke off to answer the phone.
  • break something off = break off something = end a relationship.
    They broke off their engagement after four years.
  • break out = start.
    I was in Berlin when the war broke out.
  • break out of something = escape from a place.
    Two prisoners have managed to break out of the jail.
  • break up = break into a lot of small pieces.
    The plane broke up in the air.
  • break something up = break up something = separate something into smaller parts.
    They want to break the company up into smaller companies.
  • break something up = break up something = make people leave a place where they have been meeting.
    Police arrived and they broke up the demonstration.
  • break up with somebody = separate, not live with somebody any more.
    Lisa broke up with Thomas last month.

 

Exercise
Choose the right answer.

1. Our country has broken diplomatic relations with them.

2. Her car last week and she had to take the bus.

3. His house was broken last month.

4. Sarah has decided to break with his boyfriend.

5. The fire broke and she didn't know what to do.

6. She broke from him and ran to the door.

Score:
   
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