Vocabulary - Vocabulario de inglés
PHRASAL VERBS WITH "RUN"
¿Qué es un phrasal verb?
Un "phrasal verb" es un verbo seguido de una preposición o un adverbio. Su significado es diferente al significado normal de dicho verbo. Por ejemplo, "to give up" significa "abandonar, rendirse". El verbo "to give" usado solo significa "dar".
Si el "phrasal verb" va seguido de un objeto, es transitivo, como "to give up something" (dejar de hacer algo). Si no va seguido de un objeto, es intransitivo, como "to break down" (dejar de funcionar).
La dificultad para los estudiantes de inglés radica en que no pueden traducirse literalmente y deben aprenderse de memoria.
Lee las explicaciones y luego realiza el ejercicio.
- run across somebody/something = meet somebody or find something by
While I was jogging I ran across my boss.
- run after somebody/something = chase somebody/something.
He ran after the girl, calling her name.
- run around = run in an area while playing.
The kids were running around in the garden.
- run away = leave a place secretly, escape.
The thief closed the door and ran away.
- run somebody/something down = run down somebody/something = drive
The dog was run down by a truck.
- run into somebody/something = start to experience a difficult
The company ran into financial problems after the first year.
- run into somebody/something = hit somebody/something with a vehicle.
She ran into the back of another car.
- run into somebody = meet somebody by chance = run across somebody.
I ran into my nephew at the dentist's.
- run something off = run off something = quickly print some
copies of something.
Please run off a few more copies before the meeting.
- run something off = run off something = write a poem, speech, etc.
quickly and easily.
She could run off an essay in less than an hour.
- run somebody off something = force somebody to leave a place.
She ran the dog off her house with a stick.
- run off with somebody = secretly go away with somebody to marry
him/her or live with him/her.
She decided to run off with a married man.
- run out of something = use all of something.
Dear, we have run out of sugar!
- run somebody/something over = run over somebody/something =
hit somebody/something with a vehicle and drive over them.
She was run over by a bus outside the school.
- run over something = explain or practise something quickly.
Let me run over the main ideas again.
- run through something = repeat something to practise it or make sure
it is correct.
Let's run through the first scene again.
- run through something = read or explain something quickly.
She ran through the details of the events.
- run to something = reach a particular amount.
The repair costs will run to $5,000.
- run to somebody = ask somebody to help you.
He's always running to his parents when he has problem.
- run with something = be covered with a liquid that is flowing down.
Her face was running with sweat.
Choose the right answer.
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