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Stating a cause or a result
Para expresar la causa o el resultado de algo, se utilizan las siguientes estructuras:
As a result, ...
The museum is too far and there are no buses that go there. As a result, you will have to take a taxi.
Because of + noun, ...
There was a heavy thunderstorm. Because of this, all flights were delayed.
Tomorrow is a national holiday. Consequently, the museum will be closed.
For this reason, ...
You haven't paid a deposit. For this reason, we can't keep the room available for you.
Hence, ... (formal)
You have not canceled your reservation before 12. Hence, we cannot refund you the deposit.
Owing to + noun, ... (formal)
Owing to the fog, the flight has been delayed.
So / Therefore, ...
The lift is not working. So / Therefore, you must use the stairs.